Family: Etmopteridae – Lantern Sharks
Common Name– Dogfish Sharks
Common Name– Lantern Sharks
Average Size and Length: Males have been recorded at 26 cm/10.2 inches with a maximum at 31 cm/12.2 inches. Females have been recorded at 34 cm/13.4 inches.
Teeth and Jaw: The upper teeth generally have less than 3 pairs of cusplets.
Denticles: The lateral dermal denticles have slender, hooked conical crowns. They are wide-spaced and not in regular rows. The dermal denticles largely cover the snout.
Tail: They have a somewhat long tail.
Demographic, Distribution, Habitat, Environment and Range: The West Indian Lanternshark can be found in the west Atlantic in the Caribbean. They can be found on sandy bottoms, over continental and insular slopes between 1,352-2,582 feet, but mostly deeper than 1,801 feet.
Aesthetic Identification: The West Indian lanternshark is stout in shape. They are grey or dark brown in color. The gill slits are about 1/3 the eye length. The second dorsal fin is much larger, but less than twice the area of the first. The ventral side of the snout and abdomen are visibly dark, with an elongated broad black mark that runs above and behind the pelvic fins. There are other marks at the base and along the axis of the tail.
Biology and Reproduction: Unknown, but presumably ovoviviparous.
Behavioral Traits, Sensing and Intelligence: Unknown.
West Indian Lanternshark Future and Conservation: They are of least concern and at the moment aren’t evaluated.
West Indian Lanternshark Recorded Attacks on Humans: Not a threat to humans.