A spotted shark

The Speckled carpetshark, (Hemiscyllium trispeculare), is a shark belonging to the family Hemiscylliidae found around northern Australia. It inhabits shallow coral reefs. Like its name, it has the appearance of speckled spots all over its body.


Family: Hemiscylliidae – Longtail Carpetsharks

Genus: Hemiscyllium

Species: trispeculare


Phylum– Chordata

Class– Chondrichthyles


Common NameCarpet Sharks

Family– Hemiscylliidae

Common NameLongtail Carpetsharks or Bamboo Sharks




Average Size and Length: The size of hatchlings is unknown. Mature sharks have been measured at less than 56 cm/ 1.8 feet. The maximum recorded has been 79 cm/ 2.6 feet.

Head: The Speckled carpetshark has small dark spots on the snout. It is uniformly light under the head, ventrally.

Tail: The tail is thick and long.

Demographic, Distribution, Habitat, Environment and Range: The Speckles carpetshark can be found in northern Australia and possibly Indonesia (8°S – 22°S, 114°E – 152°E). They can be found in coral reefs in shallow water, many times under table corals and in tide pools. They prefer tropical waters.

Diet: They possibly mainly feed on benthic invertebrates.

Aesthetic Identification: The Speckled carpetshark has a large black epaulette spot with a conspicuous white ring and 2 curved black marks around the posterior half surrounded by smaller black spots. The body and fins are covered with numerous small and large dark spots separated by a reticular light network. There are no white spots. There are dark saddles on the back and tail extended around the ventral surface.

Biology and Reproduction: Their biology is poorly known, but they are thought to be oviparous.

Behavioral Traits, Sensing and Intelligence: Their behavior is poorly known.

Speckled Carpetshark Future and Conservation: They are of least concern.

Speckled Carpetshark Recorded Attacks on Humans: They are not a threat to humans.